Published on 12 Jan, 2018

London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom, standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain. It’s one of the few places on Earth where cloud-piercing towers of glass neighbour stone cathedrals and churches. Taking a walk through London is like plunging yourself in a history of architecture. Here are our top 5 list of the most iconic buildings in London.

1. Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St. Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London. It is one of United Kingdom’s most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs. It stands west of the Houses of Parliament in the Greater London borough of Westminster. Every year Westminster Abbey welcomes over one million visitors who want to explore this wonderful 700-year-old building.

Facts about Westminster Abbey:

  • 17 royal weddings have taken place at Westminster Abbey with the most recent on 29 April 2011. This was the royal wedding of Prince William of Wales, now Duke of Cambridge. He married Miss Catherine Middleton, now Duchess of Cambridge.
  • The best wax gallery outside of Madame Tussaud’s, Westminster Abbey’s museum holds the wax figures of many past monarchs, with nearly all of them in traditional full costume. They were often used during funerals, either displayed on top of royal tombs or paraded before the casket. Many were made from death masks, a plaster cast made of the deceased’s face shortly after death.
  • The current Abbey was built by Henry III after he demolished the previous church. Known as Henry the Builder, no major wars occurred during his reign, allowing him to focus on many construction projects such as the new Abbey and several other churches.

2. Big Ben

Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London.The origin of the nickname Big Ben is the subject of some debate. The nickname was applied first to the Great Bell. It may have been named after Sir Benjamin Hall, who oversaw the installation of the Great Bell or after boxing’s English heavyweight champion Benjamin Caunt. It usually refers to both the clock and the tower.

Facts about Big Ben:

  • The bell was originally meant to be called Royal Victoria.
  • The clock itself is accurate to within one second.
  • The Big Ben bell has the following measurements: 9′-0″ diameter, 7′-6″ height, and 13,760Kg weight
  • Due to changes in ground conditions since construction, the tower leans slightly to the north-west, by roughly 230 millimetres (9.1 inch) over a height of 55 m.Big Ben London

3. The Shard

Since 2010, the tallest structure in London has been The Shard, which tops out at 310 metres (1,017 ft). It is home to some of the best offices, restaurants and hotel rooms in London, along with breathtaking views. The Shard is made up of 11 000 glass panels on its exterior. The building is modelled after a shard of glass, hence its name. Its panels have a total area area of 56 000 square metres.

Facts about The Shard:

  • 95% of the construction materials are recycled.
  • The Shard is the tallest building in Europe.
  • It is the 59th tallest building in the world, around 2.7 times shorter than the tallest, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is 828 metres high.the shard London

4. Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official and main royal London home. It has been the official London residence of Britain’s monarchy since 1837. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality. Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live there.

Facts about the Buckingham Palace:

  • Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms, including 19 state rooms, 52 royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms.
  • George III paid £21,000 (£3M in today’s money) to buy it for his wife Queen Charlotte, who gave birth to all but one of their 15 children there. However, Queen Victoria was the first monarch to name it as her official residence when she moved there after her coronation in 1837.
  • There are passageways running beneath the surface that connect the building to nearby streets.

5. St. Paul’s Cathedral

For more than 1 400 years, a Cathedral dedicated to St. Paul has stood at the highest point in the City. It is an iconic feature of the London skyline and is well recognised across the world. From state funerals to exciting art installations, St. Paul’s Cathedral embraces tradition and innovation and remains a popular site for tourists. Its dome dominated the skyline for 300 years. It was the tallest building in London from 1710 to 1962.

Facts about St. Paul’s Cathedral:

  • Due to the specific design of the cathedral’s dome, sound carries incredibly well across the Whispering Gallery – a walkway thirty metres up.
  • It’s dome reaches a height of 111 meters (366 feet) and weighs about 66,000 tonnes
  • St. Paul’s Cathedral has been painted by famous artists, such as Picasso, Canaletto and Turner. I has also been shown in several movies including Mary Poppins, Sherlock Holmes and one of the Harry Potter Movies.the shard London

These five are only the tip of the iceberg, when it comes to iconic buildings in London. As many of you know, the city offers plenty, when it comes to architecture and structural design. Having so many beautiful iconic buildings and structures requires lots of maintenance. If you happen to have a property in London, which needs maintenance or renovation, you can now take advantage of our limited offer for a free, professional site survey. Just ask.

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